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SPEED

High

Medium

Low

African Union (AU)1

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)2

Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)3

The Commonwealth of Nations4

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)5

Group of Twenty (G-20)

Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC)6

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA)

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO)3

Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR)7

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA)

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)8

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)9

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)10

World Bank

World Trade Organization (WTO)

1 The AU is potentially able to operate quickly on a matter, particularly when there is a security crisis. However, it is slow on less urgent matters and action may be dependent on the availability of donor funding.

2 Speed appears to be impacted by budget limitations and bureaucracy in the preparation stages for papers and declarations.

3 Similar to ASEAN, speed appears to be impacted by budget limitations and bureaucracy in the preparation stages for papers and declarations.

4 Member countries have been known to move quickly depending on the issue, and similar political systems of members assist the pace of movement as well.

5 Similar to the African Union, ECOWAS is able to operate quickly on a matter, particularly when there is a security crisis. However, it is slow on less urgent matters and action may be dependent on the availability of donor funding.

6 Ratification of the Antigua convention has taken 10 years, but policy actions such as moratoriums on stocks have arrived inside of a 12-month period.

7 The record shows that negotiations on a trade agreement with the European Union have been ongoing since 1999, including a six-year freeze. Additional indices show that this venue does not tend to move quickly.

8 Knowledge products are typically completed within a 12- to 24-month period.

9 UNEP operates comfortably at a moderate speed (i.e. two-year period to set up a typical project), and there does not appear to be any impetus for it to move faster.

10 The FAO operates comfortably at a moderate speed (i.e. two-year period to set up a typical project). However, it has demonstrated the ability to hasten action in advance of meetings and summits, and during crisis situations.

 

 

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